Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revolutionised diagnostic imaging of the knee. It has evolved significantly since Kean described healthy and pathologic knee anatomy in 1983. This innovative technology allows superior soft-tissue detail with multiplanar imaging capability that provides accurate evaluation of intra- and extra-articular structures of the knee not demonstrated with other imaging modalities. The development and advancements in MRI and the introduction of high-resolution coils have provided a noninvasive, nonoperator dependent, cost effective means to diagnose knee pathology. MRI is well tolerated by patients, widely accepted by evaluating physicians, and assists in distinguishing pathologic knee conditions that may have similar clinical signs and symptoms (i.e. meniscal tears, osteochondral lesions). This paper presents an overview of MRI of the knee and focuses on the MRI findings in a number of common pathologic conditions.