Magnetic Resonance Angiography of Cervical and Intracranial Vessels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a noninvasive imaging method for the evaluation of the blood vessels. Images of the blood vessels can be generated using a variety of MR techniques with or without the need for exogenous intravenous contrast. Technical advances in hardware and software development coupled with the increasing availability of more powerful magnets have greatly improved the imaging capabilities of MRA. Thus, clinicians are increasingly relying on MRA as a tool for vascular assessment. The technological developments, advantages, limitations, and indications for MRA are discussed in detail in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Angiography
  • Carotid artery
  • Catheter angiogram
  • Circle of Willis
  • Contrast
  • Digital subtraction angiogram
  • Gadolinium
  • MRA
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Maximum intensity projection
  • Phase contrast
  • Time-of-flight
  • Vertebral artery
  • Vessels


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