Magnetic behavior of cobalt bromide hydrates including a deuterated form

G. C. DeFotis, A. S. Hampton, M. J. Van Dongen, C. H. Komatsu, C. L. DeSanto, C. M. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The magnetic properties of little examined CoBr2•2H2O and new CoBr2•H2O and CoBr2•D2O are studied. Curie-Weiss fits, χM=C/(T-θ), yield θ of −9.9, 9.4 and 10.0 K, respectively, over a 30–80 K linear range for each. Higher temperature data are fit assuming two moderately separated low lying Kramers doublets, with exchange accounted for in a mean-field approximation. Susceptibility maxima appear at 9.5, 15.4 and 15.5 K, with χmax of 0.163, 0.375 and 0.435 emu/mol, respectively. Antiferromagnetic ordering is estimated to occur at 9.0, 13.7 and 13.8 K, in the same order. The ratio Tc/Tmax is 0.95, 0.89 and 0.89, respectively, suggesting little low dimensional magnetic character in singly hydrated systems. Data at lower temperatures for the dihydrate are fit with an antiferromagnetic 3D-Ising model. For singly hydrated systems the large size of χmax prevents this; weakened interchain antiferromagnetic interactions yield enhanced susceptibility maxima. Magnetization data exhibit field induced transitions near 13.5 kG for the dihydrate, and near 6.5 kG for singly hydrated systems with enhanced hysteresis. These transitions are interpreted as metamagnetic in nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-164
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume428
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2017

Keywords

  • Antiferromagnet
  • Exchange interactions
  • Ising model
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Magnetization
  • Metamagnetism

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