Magnesium deficiency modulates hepatic lipogenesis and apolipoprotein gene expression in the rat

Fatiha Nassir, Andrzej Mazur, Federico Giannoni, Elyett Gueux, Nicholas O. Davidson, Yves Rayssiguier

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was performed to determine the effects of magnesium (Mg) deficiency upon plasma lipoproteins and hepatic apolipoprotein gene expression in the rat. The most obvious effect of Mg-deficiency on plasma lipids is a marked increase in post-prandial triacylglycerol concentration. This increased triglyceridemia persists in fasted rats. Density gradient ultracentrifugation analysis revealed marked alterations in the distribution of plasma lipoproteins in Mg-deficient rats. An increase in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins (TGRLP) was associated with a significant increase in plasma apolipoprotein B (apo B) concentration and was accompanied by selective accumulation of apo B-48. A decrease in high-density lipoproteins (HDL) was accompanied by a corresponding decrease in plasma apo E concentration and a concordant decrease in hepatic apo E mRNA abundance and biosynthesis. Hepatic apo B-100 synthesis was reduced by over 75% in Mg-deficient animals despite an increase in hepatic apo B mRNA abundance. However, this change in hepatic apo B gene expression was not associated with alterations in posttranscriptional apo B mRNA editing. These changes in apolipoprotein gene expression were associated with increased hepatic lipogenesis, despite the observation that net triacylglycerol secretion rates were not different between Mg-deficient and control animals. Taken together, the data demonstrate a complex pattern of alterations in hepatic lipid metabolism and apolipoprotein gene expression in the Mg-deficient rat and suggest a defect in the catabolism rather than secretion of TGRRP as the major factor underlying the altered plasma lipoprotein profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume1257
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 1995

Keywords

  • (Rat)
  • Apolipoprotein
  • Gene expression
  • Lipoprotein
  • Liver
  • Magnesium

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