Infiltrated macrophages are an important constituent of the tumor microenvironment and play roles in tumor initiation and progression by promoting immune evasion. However, the molecular mechanism by which macrophage-derived cytokines foster immune escape of colorectal cancer (CRC) is unclear. Here, we demonstrated that macrophage infiltration induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) significantly promoted CRC growth. Similarly, LPS and poly (I:C) remarkably increased the volume of CT26 cell allograft tumors. C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), which is secreted by macrophages, inhibited T-cell-mediated killing of HT29 cells and promoted immune escape by stabilizing PD-L1 in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, CCL5 resulted in formation of nuclear factor kappa-B p65/STAT3 complexes, which bound to the COP9 signalosome 5 (CSN5) promoter, leading to its upregulation. Moreover, CSN5 modulated the deubiquitination and stability of PD-L1. High expression of CSN5 in CRC was associated with significantly shorter survival. Furthermore, compound-15 was identified as an inhibitor of CSN5, and destabilized PD-L1 to alleviate the tumor burden. Our results suggest that the novel CCL5-p65/STAT3-CSN5-PD-L1 signaling axis is significantly activated by LPS or HCD-driven macrophage infiltration in an animal model of CRC, which likely has therapeutic and prognostic implications for human cancers.