Objective-Macrophage proinflammatory responses induced by modified low-density lipoproteins (modLDL) contribute to atherosclerotic progression. How modLDL causes macrophages to become proinflammatory is still enigmatic. Macrophage foam cell formation induced by modLDL requires glycerolipid synthesis. Lipin-1, a key enzyme in the glycerolipid synthesis pathway, contributes to modLDL-elicited macrophage proinflammatory responses in vitro. The objective of this study was to determine whether macrophage-Associated lipin-1 contributes to atherogenesis and to assess its role in modLDL-mediated signaling in macrophages. Approach and Results-We developed mice lacking lipin-1 in myeloid-derived cells and used adeno-Associated viral vector 8 expressing the gain-of-function mutation of mouse proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (adeno-Associated viral vector 8-proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) to induce hypercholesterolemia and plaque formation. Mice lacking myeloid-Associated lipin-1 had reduced atherosclerotic burden compared with control mice despite similar plasma lipid levels. Stimulation of bone marrow-derived macrophages with modLDL activated a persistent protein kinase C/βII-extracellular receptor kinase1/2-jun proto-oncogene signaling cascade that contributed to macrophage proinflammatory responses that was dependent on lipin-1 enzymatic activity. Conclusions-Our data demonstrate that macrophage-Associated lipin-1 is atherogenic, likely through persistent activation of a protein kinase C/βII-extracellular receptor kinase1/2-jun proto-oncogene signaling cascade that contributes to foam cell proinflammatory responses. Taken together, these results suggest that modLDL-induced foam cell formation and modLDL-induced macrophage proinflammatory responses are not independent consequences of modLDL stimulation but rather are both directly influenced by enhanced lipid synthesis.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2018|
- foam cells