MACOP‐B ± radiation therapy for diffuse large cell lymphoma. Analysis of the Stanford Results According to Prognostic Indices

Nancy L. Bartlett, Larry W. Kwak, Sandra J. Horning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The efficacy and toxicity of the MACOP‐B regimen were assessed after outstanding results were reported in diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) by the Vancouver group. The results are reported according to several proposed prognostic indices, including the recent International Prognostic Factors (IPF) Project. Methods. Forty‐seven patients with untreated DLCL received MACOP‐B chemotherapy. Thirty patients, most of whom had bulky disease, also received consolidative radiation therapy (RT). Patient characteristics include median age of 42 years, Stage III/IV (57%), bulky or symptomatic Stage II disease (43%), elevated lactic dehydrogenase (81%) and at least one extranodal site (72%). Results. At a median follow‐up of 3.3 years, overall survival was 57% and freedom from progression (FFP) was 52%. The 3‐year FFP data were related to tumor extent: 74% for limited stage versus 38% for extensive disease. These data correlated well with four prognostic indices reported in the literature. The IPF index accurately identified low‐, intermediate‐, and high‐risk subgroups. Conclusions. Patients with limited or low‐risk DLCL have an excellent prognosis with MACOP‐B ± RT. These results do not support the use of consolidative high‐dose therapy and bone marrow transplantation in patients with limited disease, even if bulky or accompanied by an elevated lactic dehydrogenase. Compared to historical CHOP data, MACOP‐B ± RT does not appear to improve outcome for those patients with poor prognostic features, most of whom will fail. The IPF index is a simple, accurate method of distinguishing high‐risk patients who require new therapeutic initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4034-4042
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume71
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MACOP‐B
  • chemotherapy
  • non‐Hodgkin lymphoma
  • prognostic indices
  • radiation therapy

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