Machine Learning Outcome Prediction in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Using Regional Left Ventricular Multiparametric Strain

Robert M. MacGregor, Aixia Guo, Muhammad F. Masood, Brian P. Cupps, Gregory A. Ewald, Michael Pasque, Randi Foraker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The clinical presentation of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) heart failure (HF) patients who will respond to medical therapy (responders) and those who will not (non-responders) is often similar. A machine learning (ML)-based clinical tool to identify responders would prevent unnecessary surgery, while targeting non-responders for early intervention. We used regional left ventricular (LV) contractile injury patterns in ML models to identify IDCM HF non-responders. MRI-based multiparametric strain analysis was performed in 178 test subjects (140 normal subjects and 38 IDCM patients), calculating longitudinal, circumferential, and radial strain over 18 LV sub-regions for inclusion in ML analyses. Patients were identified as responders based upon symptomatic and contractile improvement on medical therapy. We tested the predictive accuracy of support vector machines (SVM), logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), and deep neural networks (DNN). The DNN model outperformed other models, predicting response to medical therapy with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.94. The top features were longitudinal strain in (1) basal: anterior, posterolateral and (2) mid: posterior, anterolateral, and anteroseptal sub-regions. Regional contractile injury patterns predict response to medical therapy in IDCM HF patients, and have potential application in ML-based HF patient care.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of biomedical engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Heart failure
  • Machine learning
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardial strain
  • Regional contractile injury

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