Lysosomes and brain health

Jaiprakash Sharma, Alberto Di Ronza, Parisa Lotfi, Marco Sardiello

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the fundamental properties of the cell is the capability to digest and remodel its own components according to metabolic and developmental needs. This is accomplished via the autophagy-lysosome system, a pathway of critical importance in the brain, where it contributes to neuronal plasticity and must protect nonreplaceable neurons from the potentially harmful accumulation of cellular waste. The study of lysosomal biogenesis and function in the context of common and rare neurodegenerative diseases has revealed that a dysfunctional autophagy-lysosome system is the shared nexus where multiple, interconnected pathogenic events take place. The characterization of pathways and mechanisms regulating the lysosomal system and autophagic clearance offers unprecedented opportunities for the development of polyvalent therapeutic strategies based on the enhancement of the autophagy-lysosome pathway to maintain cellular homeostasis and achieve neuroprotection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-276
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Neuroscience
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autophagy
  • lysosomal enhancement
  • lysosome
  • neurodegenerative storage diseases
  • neuronal plasticity
  • TFEB

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