Background: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) may be used as a bridge to lung transplantation in selected patients with end-stage respiratory failure. Historically, ECMO use in this setting has been associated with poor outcomes Puri V et.al, J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 140:427. More recently, technical advances and the implementation of rehabilitation and ambulation while awaiting transplantation on ECMO have led to improved surgical and post-transplant outcomes Kirkby S et.al, J Thorac Dis, 6:1024. Methods: We illustrate the case of a 6-year-old child who received prolonged ECMO support as a bridge to lung re-transplantation secondary to Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction (CLAD). Results: Early rehabilitation was key in improving the overall pre-transplant conditioning during ECMO. Conclusions: Despite challenges associated with awake/ambulatory ECMO, the use of this strategy as a bridge to lung transplantation is feasible and has resulted in improved pre-transplant conditioning and post-transplant outcomes.
- Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction (CLAD)
- ECMO as a bridge to transplant
- Lung re-transplantation
- Lung transplantation