Lumbar puncture: Creation and resident acceptance of a low-cost, durable, reusable fluoroscopic phantom with a fluid-filled spinal canal for training at an academic program

D. J. Lerner, S. E. Gifford, N. Olafsen, A. Mileto, E. Soloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Simulation-based medical training provides learners a method to develop technical skills without exposing patients to harm. Although fluoroscopic phantoms are already adopted in some areas of radiology, this has historically not been for lumbar puncture. Commercially available phantoms are expensive. We report a cost-effective, accessible solution by creation of an inexpensive phantom for resident training to perform fluoroscopically guided lumbar puncture, as well as instructions on how to make a phantom for residency education. An anthropomorphic ballistics-gel phantom that contains a plastic lumbar vertebral column and simulated CSF space was created. Radiology residents with minimum or no experience with fluoroscopically guided lumbar punctures were given a brief education and practiced fluoroscopically guided lumbar punctures on the phantom. A survey from the residents was then done. The phantom was qualitatively quite durable and deemed adequate for educational purposes. All the residents surveyed expressed the desire to have this phantom available and it increased comfort, knowledge, and perceived likelihood of success. Few articles have been published that focused on low-cost phantom creation for fluoroscopic-procedure training. This study supports the benefits of using phantoms for fluoroscopic training as well as step-by-step instructions for creation of this phantom. The residents responded positively and felt more confident in their fluoroscopically guided techniques. The ability to make a long-term training device for resident education would be inexpensive and relatively easy to implement in academic programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-550
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

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