LRRC8A anion channels modulate vascular reactivity via association with myosin phosphatase rho interacting protein

Hyehun Choi, Michael R. Miller, Hong Ngan Nguyen, Jeffrey C. Rohrbough, Stephen R. Koch, Naoko Boatwright, Michael T. Yarboro, Rajan Sah, W. Hayes McDonald, J. Jeffrey Reese, Ryan J. Stark, Fred S. Lamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leucine-rich repeat containing 8A (LRRC8A) volume regulated anion channels (VRACs) are activated by inflammatory and pro-contractile stimuli including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), angiotensin II and stretch. LRRC8A associates with NADPH oxidase 1 (Nox1) and supports extracellular superoxide production. We tested the hypothesis that VRACs modulate TNFα signaling and vasomotor function in mice lacking LRRC8A exclusively in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs, Sm22α-Cre, Knockout). Knockout (KO) mesenteric vessels contracted normally but relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was enhanced compared to wild type (WT). Forty-eight hours of ex vivo exposure to TNFα (10 ng/mL) enhanced contraction to norepinephrine (NE) and markedly impaired dilation to ACh and SNP in WT but not KO vessels. VRAC blockade (carbenoxolone, CBX, 100 μM, 20 min) enhanced dilation of control rings and restored impaired dilation following TNFα exposure. Myogenic tone was absent in KO rings. LRRC8A immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectroscopy identified 33 proteins that interacted with LRRC8A. Among them, the myosin phosphatase rho-interacting protein (MPRIP) links RhoA, MYPT1 and actin. LRRC8A-MPRIP co-localization was confirmed by confocal imaging of tagged proteins, Proximity Ligation Assays, and IP/western blots. siLRRC8A or CBX treatment decreased RhoA activity in VSMCs, and MYPT1 phosphorylation was reduced in KO mesenteries suggesting that reduced ROCK activity contributes to enhanced relaxation. MPRIP was a target of redox modification, becoming oxidized (sulfenylated) after TNFα exposure. Interaction of LRRC8A with MPRIP may allow redox regulation of the cytoskeleton by linking Nox1 activation to impaired vasodilation. This identifies VRACs as potential targets for treatment or prevention of vascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23028
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • LRRC8A anion channel
  • inflammation
  • myosin phosphatase rho-interacting protein
  • vascular smooth muscle cell
  • vasodilation

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