Since June 1990, 14 women 31 to 70 years old (mean age 57 years) have undergone lower urinary tract reconstruction by bilateral ureteroileal urethrostomy using a Kock ileal reservoir. Indications for cystectomy included transitional cell carcinoma in 9 patients, urachal adenocarcinoma in 2, cervical carcinoma in 1, mesenchymal tumor of endometrial origin in 1 and a fibrotic radiated bladder in 1. Early and late complications have been few, occurring in 2 patients and 1, respectively. Excellent continence has been achieved during the day and night in 100% of patients. Of the 14 patients 12 void volitionally per urethra without high residual volume, while 2 require intermittent catheterization. All patients are completely satisfied. Tumor recurred in the pelvis in 1 patient with an extensive mesenchymal tumor necessitating conversion to a continent cutaneous Kock reservoir. All patients are currently alive without evidence of disease. This initial experience with lower urinary tract reconstruction in women has yielded extraordinary results and we believe that the option of lower urinary tract reconstruction following cystectomy can be offered safely to selected female patients.
- proctocolectomy, restorative
- urinary diversion