Low turnover osteodystrophy and vascular calcification are amenable to skeletal anabolism in an animal model of chronic kidney disease and the metabolic syndrome

Matthew R. Davies, Richard J. Lund, Suresh Mathew, Keith A. Hruska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

LDL receptor (LDLR)-null mice fed high-fat/cholesterol diets, a model of the metabolic syndrome, have vascular calcification (VC) worsened by chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ameliorated by bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7), an efficacious agent in treating animal models of renal osteodystrophy. Here, LDLR-/- high-fat-fed mice without CKD were shown to have significant reductions in bone formation rates, associated with increased VC and hyperphosphatemia. Superimposing CKD resulted in a low turnover osteodystrophy, whereas VC worsened and hyperphosphatemia persisted. BMP-7 treatment corrected the hyperphosphatemia, corrected the osteodystrophy, and prevented VC, compatible with skeletal phosphate deposition leading to reduced plasma phosphate and removal of a major stimulus to VC. A pathologic link between abnormal bone mineralization and VC through the serum phosphorus was supported by the partial effectiveness of directly reducing the serum phosphate by a phosphate binder that had no skeletal action. Thus, in this model of the metabolic syndrome with CKD, a reduction in bone-forming potential of osteogenic cells leads to low bone turnover rates, producing hyperphosphatemia and VC, processes ameliorated by the skeletal anabolic agent BMP-7, in part through deposition of phosphate and increased bone formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-928
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

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