Low-frequency blood pressure oscillations and inotrope treatment failure in premature infants

Zachary A. Vesoulis, Jessica Hao, Christopher McPherson, Nathalie M.El Ters, Amit M. Mathur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The underlying mechanism as to why some hypotensive preterm infants do not respond to inotropic medications remains unclear. For these infants, we hypothesize that impaired vasomotor function is a significant factor and is manifested through a decrease in low-frequency blood pressure variability across regulatory components of vascular tone. Infants born ≤28 wk estimated gestational age underwent prospective recording of mean arterial blood pressure for 72 h after birth. After error correction, root-mean-square spectral power was calculated for each valid 10-min data frame across each of four frequency bands (B1, 0.005- 0.0095 Hz; B2, 0.0095- 0.02 Hz; B3, 0.02- 0.06 Hz; and B4, 0.06-0.16) corresponding to different components of vasomotion control. Forty infants (twenty-nine normotensive control and eleven inotrope-exposed) were included with a mean ± SD estimated gestational age of 25.2 ± 1.6 wk and birth weight 790 ± 211 g. 9.7/11.8 Million (82%) data points were errorfree and used for analysis. Spectral power across all frequency bands increased with time, although the magnitude was 20% less in the inotrope-exposed infants. A statistically significant increase in spectral power in response to inotrope initiation was noted across all frequency bands. Infants with robust blood pressure response to inotropes had a greater increase compared with those who had limited or no blood pressure response. In this study, hypotensive infants who require inotropes have decreased low-frequency variability at baseline compared with normotensive infants, which increases after inotrope initiation. Low-frequency spectral power does not change for those with inotrope treatment failure, suggesting dysfunctional regulation of vascular tone as a potential mechanism of treatment failure. NEW & NOTEWORTHY In this study, we examine patterns of low-frequency oscillations in blood pressure variability across regulatory components of vascular tone in normotensive and hypotensive infants exposed to inotropic medications. We found that hypotensive infants who require inotropes have decreased low-frequency variability at baseline, which increases after inotrope initiation. Low-frequency spectral power does not change for those with inotrope treatment failure, suggesting dysfunctional regulation of vascular tone as a potential mechanism of treatment failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Inotropes
  • Prematurity
  • Spectral analysis

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