Low-energy Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty Repeated Annually: Rationale for the COAST Trial

Tony Realini, Gus Gazzard, Mark Latina, Michael Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The recent Laser in Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension Trial provided the evidentiary basis for a paradigm shift away from the historical medication-first approach to glaucoma-which has numerous limitations, the most important of which is poor adherence to therapy-And toward a laser-first approach. Now 20 years after its commercialization, selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is routinely performed consistently with its initial description, with energy titrated to the appearance of fine, champagne-like cavitation bubbles. A recent data set suggested that lower energy SLT, applied as primary therapy and repeated annually irrespective of intraocular pressure-rather than pro re nata when its effect wanes and irrespective of intraocular pressure rises-yields longer medication-free survival than standard energy SLT repeated pro re nata. A new study-Clarifying the Optimal Application of SLT Therapy-has been initiated to explore this preliminary finding in a pair of consecutive randomized trials. Herein, we provide an evidence-based rationale for the use of low-energy SLT repeated annually as primary therapy for mild to moderate primary open-Angle glaucoma or high-risk ocular hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • glaucoma
  • low energy
  • selective laser trabeculoplasty


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