Loss of neuronal potassium/chloride cotransporter 3 (KCC3) is responsible for the degenerative phenotype in a conditional mouse model of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum

Masoud Shekarabi, Randal X. Moldrich, Sarah Rasheed, Adéle Salin-Cantegrel, Janet Laganière, Daniel Rochefort, Pascale Hince, Karine Huot, Rébecca Gaudet, Nyoman Kurniawan, Susana G. Sotocinal, Jennifer Ritchie, Patrick A. Dion, Jeffrey S. Mogil, Linda J. Richards, Guy A. Rouleau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disruption of the potassium/chloride cotransporter 3 (KCC3), encoded by the SLC12A6 gene, causes hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum (HMSN/ACC), a neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorder affecting both the peripheral nervous system and CNS. However, the precise role of KCC3 in the maintenance of ion homeostasis in the nervous system and the pathogenic mechanisms leading to HMSN/ACC remain unclear.Weestablished two Slc12a6 Cre/LoxP transgenic mouse lines expressing C-terminal truncated KCC3 in either a neuron-specific or ubiquitous fashion. Our results suggest that neuronal KCC3 expression is crucial for axon volume control.Wealso demonstrate that the neuropathic features ofHMSN/ACCare predominantly due to a neuronal KCC3 deficit, while the auditory impairment is due to loss of non-neuronal KCC3 expression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that KCC3 plays an essential role in inflammatory pain pathways. Finally, we observed hypoplasia of the corpus callosum in both mouse mutants and a marked decrease in axonal tracts serving the auditory cortex in only the general deletion mutant. Together, these results establish KCC3 as an important player in both central and peripheral nervous system maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3865-3876
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2012

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