Long-term suppression of Mansonella streptocerca microfilariae after treatment with ivermectin

Peter Fischer, Ephraim Tukesiga, Dietrich W. Büttner

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The long-term effect of a single oral dose of 150 μg/kg of body weight of ivermectin on Mansonella streptocerca microfilariae was studied in western Uganda. Before treatment, the geometric mean microfilaria density (mf) in 93 infected persons was 2.4 mf/mg of skin (range, 0.1-42.6). One year after treatment, 43 persons (46%) were microfilaria-negative, and the geometric mean in the remaining persons dropped significantly, to 0.7 mf/mg (range, 0.1-6.9). Thus, ivermectin is highly effective against M. streptocerca, and a single dose leads to a sustained suppression of microfilariae in skin. In Africa, ivermectin is used for mass treatment to control Onchocerca volvulus and Wuchereria bancrofti. Because these filarial parasites are often coendemic with M. streptocerca, the treated population may receive the additional benefit of suppression of M. streptocerca microfilariae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1403-1405
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume180
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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