Long-term outcomes with use of intravascular ultrasound for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions

Yogesh Patel, Jeremiah P. Depta, Eric Novak, Michael Yeung, Kory Lavine, Sudeshna Banerjee, C. Huie Lin, Alan Zajarias, Howard I. Kurz, John M. Lasala, Richard G. Bach, Jasvindar Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of bifurcation lesions remains challenging with a higher risk of adverse outcomes. Whether adjunctive intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging improves outcomes of PCI of bifurcation lesions remains unclear. This study sought to determine the long-term clinical outcomes associated with using IVUS for percutaneous treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. From April 2003 through August 2010, 449 patients with 471 bifurcation lesions underwent PCI with (n = 247) and without (n = 202) the use of IVUS. Clinical outcomes (death, myocardial infarction [MI], periprocedural MI, stent thrombosis, target vessel revascularization [TVR], and target lesion revascularization [TLR]) were compared between patients undergoing PCI with and without IVUS using univariate and propensity score-adjusted analyses. Most patients (61%) presented with acute coronary syndrome and 89% of bifurcations lesions were Medina class 1,1,1. After propensity score adjustment, use of IVUS was associated with significantly lower rates of death or MI (odds ratio 0.38, 95% confidence interval 0.20 to 0.74, p = 0.005), death (odds ratio 0.40, 95% confidence interval 0.18 to 0.88, p = 0.02), MI (odds ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.14 to 0.98, p = 0.04), periprocedural MI (odds ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.20 to 0.97, p = 0.04), TVR (odds ratio 0.28, 95% confidence interval 0.14 to 0.53, p <0.0001), and TLR (odds ratio 0.27, 95% confidence interval 0.14 to 0.53, p = 0.0003) compared to no IVUS. In conclusion, IVUS-guided treatment of complex bifurcation lesions was associated with significantly lower rates of adverse cardiac events at late follow-up. Further study is warranted to evaluate the role of IVUS guidance in improving long-term outcomes after PCI of bifurcation lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960-965
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume109
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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