Long-term outcomes of performing a postdoctoral research fellowship during general surgery residency

Charles M. Robertson, Mary E. Klingensmith, Craig M. Coopersmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dedicated research time during surgical residency leads to funding following postgraduate training. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Unlike other medical specialties, a significant number of general surgery residents spend 1 to 3 years in dedicated laboratory research during their training. The impact this has on obtaining peer reviewed research funding after residency is unknown. METHODS: Survey of all graduates of an academic general surgery resident program from 1990 to 2005 (n = 105). RESULTS: Seventy-five (71%) of survey recipients responded, of which 66 performed protected research during residency. Fifty-one currently perform research (mean effort, 26%; range, 2%-75%). Twenty-three respondents who performed research during residency (35%) subsequently received independent faculty funding. Thirteen respondents (20%) obtained NIH grants following residency training. The number of papers authored during resident research was associated with obtaining subsequent faculty grant support (9.3 vs. 5.2, P = 0.02). Faculty funding was associated with obtaining independent research support during residency (42% vs. 17%, P = 0.04). NIH-funded respondents spent more combined years in research before and during residency (3.7 vs. 2.8, P = 0.02). Academic surgeons rated research fellowships more relevant to their current job than private practitioners (4.3 vs. 3.4 by Likert scale, P < 0.05). Both groups considered research a worthwhile use of their time during residency (4.5 vs. 4.1, P = not significant). CONCLUSIONS: A large number of surgical trainees who perform a research fellowship in the middle of residency subsequently become funded investigators in this single-center survey. The likelihood of obtaining funding after residency is related to productivity and obtaining grant support during residency as well as cumulative years of research prior to obtaining a faculty position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-523
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume245
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term outcomes of performing a postdoctoral research fellowship during general surgery residency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this