Long-term outcome of upper extremity arteriovenous fistula using pSLOT: Single-center longitudinal follow-up using a protocol-based approach

Michael Darcy, Neeta Vachharajani, Tracy Zhang, Naganathan Mani, Seung Kwon Kim, Sarah Matson, Michaeline Wood, Surendra Shenoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Introduction: Functional arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the best vascular access for end-stage renal disease patients. AVF maturation is variable and many require additional interventions to achieve functionality. Long-term benefits of such interventions are unclear. Using a protocol for AVF planning, creation, maturation evaluation and performing interventions based on objective findings along with maintaining a database on follow-up is necessary to evaluate this question. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of newly constructed AVFs using a protocol-based approach in a tertiary care academic center. Methods: This is an observational study. Long-term outcomes of consecutive AVFs placed over a 5-year period using a protocol for creation, maturation evaluation and interventions based on objective findings were analyzed using a prospectively maintained clinical database. Results: Functioning AVFs were achieved in 86.5% (n = 296) of 342 patients. Primary and secondary patency of 372 AVF procedures at 12, 24 and 60 months were 42.8%, 31.6% and 20.8%; and 81.8%, 77.6% and 71.7%, respectively. Functional patency at 12, 24 and 60 months were 95.1%, 88.7%, and 85.2%, respectively. Long-term function was similar for AVFs maturing with ≤4 interventions and without interventions. AVFs maturing with 2-4 interventions needed significantly more interventions to maintain long-term functional patency (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Piggyback straight-line on-lay technique (pSLOT) improves early outcome providing opportunity to identify other problems contributing to non-maturation. A large number of AVFs needing planned interventions to mature provide good long-term function. Establishing process of care guidelines for creation and follow-up has a potential to improve AVF outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular Access
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017


  • AV fistula
  • Dialysis access
  • Fistula creation
  • Protocol based approach for AVF
  • pSLOT


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term outcome of upper extremity arteriovenous fistula using pSLOT: Single-center longitudinal follow-up using a protocol-based approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this