Local and conducted vasomotor responses in isolated rat cerebral arterioles

Hans H. Dietrich, Yasukazu Kajita, Ralph G. Dacey

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101 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that conduction of vasomotor responses occurs in cannulated and isolated rat cerebral penetrating arterioles. Both at the site of stimulation (local) and 500-650 μm distant from it, we observed the diameter responses and time courses thereof to pressure-ejected vasoactive stimuli. ATP locally caused an initial constriction (response onset at 0.3 s, average diameter 85% of control at 450-ms pulse with a maximum at 1.6 s after stimulation) followed by a secondary dilation (111% at 7 s). Conducted vasodilation of 111% was observed over a distance of 520 μm. Prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) constricted the vessels locally (80%) and caused conducted vasodilation (110%). For both ATP and PGF(2α) the local constriction occurred simultaneously to the conducted vasodilation. Adenosine dilated the vessels (123%) but produced only inconsistent conducted vasodilation. Hydrogen ions initially constricted the vessels (88%) and then dilated them to 113%. Thus, although ATP and PGF(2α) are strong promoters of conduction, adenosine and hydrogen ions are not. Paradoxically, ATP and PGF(2α) caused conducted vasodilation even though the initial local response was a vasoconstriction, indicating that in cerebral arterioles conduction may be mediated through endothelial cell mechanisms rather than through smooth muscle cell communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1109-H1116
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume271
Issue number3 40-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

Keywords

  • adenosine
  • adenosine triphosphate
  • brain
  • hydrogen ions
  • microcirculation
  • prostaglandin F(2α)
  • regulation

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