Load-Dependent Changes in Left Ventricular Structure and Function in a Pathophysiologically Relevant Murine Model of Reversible Heart Failure

Carla J. Weinheimer, Attila Kovacs, Sarah Evans, Scot J. Matkovich, Philip M. Barger, Douglas L. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To better understand reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling, we developed a murine model wherein mice develop LV remodeling after transverse aortic constriction (TAC) and a small apical myocardial infarct (MI) and undergo reverse LV remodeling after removal of the aortic band. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice studied were subjected to sham (n=6) surgery or TAC+MI (n=12). Two weeks post-TAC+MI, 1 group underwent debanding (referred to as heart failure debanding [HF-DB] mice; n=6), whereas the aortic band remained in a second group (heart failure [HF] group; n=6). LV remodeling was evaluated by 2D echocardiography at 1 day, 2 weeks and 6 weeks post-TAC+MI. The hearts were analyzed by transcriptional profiling at 4 and 6 weeks and histologically at 6 weeks. Debanding normalized LV volumes, LV mass, and cardiac myocyte hypertrophy at 6 weeks in HF-DB mice, with no difference in myofibrillar collagen in the HF and HF-DB mice. LV ejection fraction and radial strain improved after debanding; however, both remained decreased in the HF-DB mice relative to sham and were not different from HF mice at 6 weeks. Hemodynamic unloading in the HF-DB mice was accompanied by a 35% normalization of the HF genes at 2 weeks and 80% of the HF genes at 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Hemodynamic unloading of a pathophysiologically relevant mouse model of HF results in normalization of LV structure, incomplete recovery of LV function, and incomplete reversal of the HF transcriptional program. The HF-DB mouse model may provide novel insights into mechanisms of reverse LV remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e004351
JournalCirculation. Heart failure
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • gene expression
  • heart failure
  • left ventricular remodeling

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