lncRHOXF1, a long noncoding RNA from the X chromosome that suppresses viral response genes during development of the early human placenta

Ian Penkala, Jianle Wang, Camille M. Syrett, Laura Goetzl, Carolina B. López, Montserrat C. Anguera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can regulate gene expression in a cell-specific fashion during development. Here, we identify a novel lncRNA from the X chromosome that we named lncRHOXF1 and which is abundantly expressed in trophectoderm and primitive endoderm cells of human blastocyst-stage embryos. lncRHOXF1 is a spliced and polyadenylated lncRNA about 1 kb in length that is found in both the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments of in vitro differentiated human trophectoderm progenitor cells. Gain-of-function experiments in human embryonic stem cells, which normally lack lncRHOXF1 RNA, revealed that lncRHOXF1 reduced proliferation and favored cellular differentiation. lncRHOXF1 knockdown using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in human trophectoderm progenitors increased expression of viral response genes, including type I interferon. Sendai virus infection of human trophectoderm progenitor cells increased lncRHOXF1 RNA levels, and siRNA-mediated disruption of lncRHOXF1 during infection reduced the expression of viral response genes leading to higher virus replication. Thus, lncRHOXF1 RNA is the first example of a lncRNA that regulates the host response to viral infections in human placental progenitor cells, and we propose that it functions as a repressor of the viral response during early human development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1764-1775
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

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