Lmna mutations g232e and r482l cause dysregulation of skeletal muscle differentiation, bioenergetics, and metabolic gene expression profile

Elena V. Ignatieva, Oksana A. Ivanova, Margarita Y. Komarova, Natalia V. Khromova, Dmitrii E. Polev, Anna A. Kostareva, Alexey Sergushichev, Renata I. Dmitrieva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laminopathies are a family of monogenic multi‐system diseases resulting from mutations in the LMNA gene which include a wide range of neuromuscular disorders. Although lamins are expressed in most types of differentiated cells, LMNA mutations selectively affect only specific tissues by mechanisms that remain largely unknown. We have employed the combination of functional in vitro experiments and transcriptome analysis in order to determine how two LMNA mutations associated with different phenotypes affect skeletal muscle development and metabolism. We used a muscle differentiation model based on C2C12 mouse myoblasts genetically modified with lentivirus constructs bearing wild‐type human LMNA (WT‐LMNA) or R482L‐ LMNA/G232E‐LMNA mutations, linked to familial partial lipodystrophy of the Dunnigan type and muscular dystrophy phenotype accordingly. We have shown that both G232E/R482L‐LMNA mutations cause dysregulation in coordination of pathways that control cell cycle dynamics and muscle differentiation. We have also found that R482/G232E‐LMNA mutations induce mitochondrial uncoupling and a decrease in glycolytic activity in differentiated myotubes. Both types of alterations may contribute to mutation‐induced muscle tissue pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1057
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalGenes
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Bioenergetics
  • Glycolysis
  • Laminopathies
  • LMNA G232E/R482L mutations
  • Mitochondrial respiration
  • Muscle dystrophies
  • Myogenesis
  • Transcriptome sequencing

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