Liver transplantation for hepatitis C patients in the era of direct-acting antiviral treatment: A retrospective cohort study

Adeel S. Khan, Nathaniel Adams, Neeta Vachharajani, Leigh Anne Dageforde, Jason Wellen, Surendra Shenoy, Jeffrey S. Crippin, Majella B. Doyle, William C. Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Direct-acting antivirals (DAA's) have revolutionized hepatitis-C virus (HCV) treatment, however controversy remains regarding timing of treatment in relation to liver-transplant (LT). Methods: Single-center retrospective study assessing outcomes of listed HCV positive patients in the DAA-era (2014–2017). Patients treated with DAA's before LT (DAA pre-LT) were compared to those who were not treated before LT (No DAA pre-LT) Results: 156 HCV positive patients were listed during study-period; 104 (67%) underwent LT while 52 (33%) were de-listed. Of transplanted patients, 48 (46%) received DAA pre-LT while 56 (54%) were treated post-LT. Both groups were comparable in age, gender, MELD, patient and graft survival and cure-rates (98% in DAA pre-LTvs.95% in No DAA pre-LT; p > 0.05). DAA pre-LT group required higher number of treatments-per-patient to clear virus (1.46vs.1.06; p = 0.0006), spent more time on waitlist (331d.vs150d; p = 0.0040) and were less likely to receive livers from HCV positive donors (6%vs.25%; p = 0.0148). Twenty-nine (56%) of the 52 delisted received DAA. They had lower listing-MELD (12vs.18; p = 0.0033), and were more likely to be delisted for “condition improved” (34%vs.4%; p = 0.0143) compared to the 23 (44%) delisted patients who did not receive DAA's. Conclusions: DAA's were equally effective in clearing HCV in listed patients irrespective of timing. DAA pre-LT can disadvantage some patients through increase number of treatments needed and longer waitlist times, but treatment in some listed patients with low-MELD can improve condition and alleviate need for LT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Direct-acting antiviral agents
  • Hepatitis C
  • Liver transplant

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