Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of liver position and lung-to-head ratio to predict outcome in isolated left congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Study Design: We reviewed prenatal studies and postnatal outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia between January 1996 and January 2006. Results: Eighty-nine patients received prenatal and postnatal care at 1 institution. In fetuses with liver up, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was required in 39 of 49 fetuses (80%), compared with 10 of 40 fetuses (25%) for those with liver down (P < .0001). Overall survival rate was 45%, compared with 93% for those with liver down (P < .00005). Low lung-to-head ratio (<1.0) predicted increased incidence of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (75%; P = .036) and lower survival (35%; P = .0003). However, when measured at <24 weeks of gestation, lung-to-head ratio was not predictive of outcome (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, P = .108; survival, P = .150); liver position remained highly predictive (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, P = .006; survival, P = .001). Conclusion: Liver position is the best prenatal predictor of outcome in isolated left congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Lung-to-head ratio alone should not be used to counsel families regarding mid gestational management choices.
- congenital diaphragmatic hernia
- extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
- liver herniation
- lung area-to-head circumference ratio
- prenatal diagnosis