Liver extracellular volume fraction values obtained with magnetic resonance imaging can quantitatively stage liver fibrosis: a validation study in monkeys with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Liang Lyu, Xing Li Liu, Mao Ping Rui, Li Chuan Yang, Guan Zhong Wang, Dong Fan, Tony Wang, Jie Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of liver extracellular volume (LECV) for the staging of liver fibrosis in a cynomolgus monkey model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods: Forty-eight cynomolgus monkeys were enrolled in this prospective study. There are 17 healthy monkeys and 31 monkeys with NASH. Ten of these monkeys were used for repeatability assessment. The remaining 38 monkeys were used to compare LECV with other indicators including pathology fibrosis score, native T1, and serum chemical indexes by Spearman, Pearson correlation test, and ROC curves. The inter-reader variability was assessed by interclass correlation. The repeatability measurement of LECV was analyzed using Bland-Altman plots and the coefficient of variation. Partial correlation analysis was performed to assess the effects of fat content and inflammation scores on the correlation between LECV/T1 and liver fibrosis score. Results: This study demonstrated a good intra-reader agreement (intraclass correlation = 0.79) of LECV in all monkeys and an excellent repeatability in 10 monkeys (coefficient of variation = 2.01%). The LECV has a strong correlation with the fibrosis score (r = 0.949; p < 0.0001), low-density lipoprotein (r = 0.72; p < 0.0001), and cholesterol (r = 0.70; p < 0.0001). LECV showed high diagnostic efficacy in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis (area under the curve of ROC, 0.945~1; p < 0.001). Conclusions: LECV may serve as a noninvasive valuable biomarker for the quantification and differentiating of the non-severe liver fibrosis (stage ≤ F3). However, circulating serum markers low-density lipoprotein and cholesterol (CHO) may not serve for this purpose. Key Points: • This paper demonstrated the excellent repeatability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.79) of LECV in monkey animal model. • LECV-MRI has a strong correlation with histopathological fibrosis score stage (r = 0.949; p < 0.0001) and shows high diagnostic efficacy in the staging of non-severe liver fibrosis (the area under ROC curve ≥ 0.945). • The new fibrosis score maps appeared to provide a better imaging tool for the spatial assessment of liver fibrosis. It may eventually facilitate the diagnosis of liver fibrosis distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5748-5757
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Extracellular space
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

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