Purpose: Lattice stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a form of spatially fractionated radiation therapy (SFRT) using SBRT methods. This study reports clinical dosimetric endpoints achieved for Lattice SBRT plans delivering 20 Gy in 5 fractions to the periphery of a tumor with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) of 66.7 Gy, as part of a prospective Phase I clinical trial (NCT04133415). Additionally, it updates previously reported planning and delivery techniques based on extended experience with a broader patient population. Methods: Patients were enrolled on a single-arm phase I trial conducted between November 2019 and August 2020. Eligibility was restricted to tumors >4.5 cm in the largest dimension. Characteristic SFRT dose gradients were achieved using a lattice of 1.5 cm diameter spheres spaced within the GTV in a regular pattern, with peak-to-valley dose varying from 66.7 Gy to 20 Gy within 1.5 cm. Organ-at-risk (OAR) sparing followed AAPM TG101 recommendations for 5-fraction SBRT. Results: Twenty patients (22 plans) were enrolled on study, with one additional plan treated off study. All OAR and target coverage planning objectives were achieved, with the exception of a single small bronchus. Conformity of the 20 Gy isodose line significantly improved over the course of the study. The majority (85.2%) of treatment fractions were delivered in a 30 minutes timeslot, with 4 (3.5%) exceeding a total treatment time of 40 minutes. Conclusion: Lattice SBRT planning techniques produce consistent and efficient treatment plans. Refined techniques described here further improve the quality of the planning technique.
- Lattice SBRT
- Phase I trial
- Spatially fractionated radiation therapy
- Treatment planning metrics