Lipopolysaccharide potentiates the effect of hepatocyte growth factor upon replication in lung, thyroid, spleen and colon in rats in vivo

Cuihua Gao, Susan Kennedy, Katherine Parker Ponder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Induction of replication may potentiate in vivo gene therapy, as some viral vectors only transduce dividing cells. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increases the percentage of replicating hepatocytes to 18-fold that in normal rats, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) modestly potentiates this effect. In this study, the effect of iv HGF upon replication in other organs was determined. HGF at 10 mg/kg resulted in replication that was ≤3-fold that of normal rats in alveolar and proximal renal tubular cells. HGF alone had no effect upon replication of epithelial cells from the bronchi, thyroid, pancreas, or colon or upon cells from the muscle, pancreatic islets, spleen, blood vessels, or thymus. HGF and LPS at 5 mg/kg resulted in replication that was 9-fold that of normal rats in alveolar cells, 25-fold in bronchial epithelial cells, 4-fold in thyroid epithelial cells, 1.5-fold in the red pulp of the spleen, and 2-fold in colonic epithelial cells. The synergistic effect may be due to the fact that LPS upregulated the HGF receptor c-met in thyroid, spleen, and colon. We conclude that iv administration of HGF alone is relatively specific for inducing hepatocyte replication and would allow selective gene transfer into the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-475
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • Gene therapy
  • Labeling index
  • Retroviral vector

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