Event-related oscillations (ERO) offer an alternative theoretical and methodological approach to the analysis of event-related EEG responses. The P300 event-related potential (ERP) is elicited through the superposition of the delta (1-3 Hz) and theta (3-7 Hz) band oscillatory responses. The cholinergic neurotransmitter system has a key function in modulating excitatory post-synaptic potentials caused by glutamate, and therefore influences P300 generation and the underlying oscillatory responses. Here we report significant linkage and linkage disequilibrium between target case frontal theta band, visual evoked brain oscillations and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) from the cholinergic muscarinic receptor gene (CHRM2) on chromosome 7. We also demonstrate significant linkage disequilibrium between CHRM2 SNPs and target case parietal delta band visual evoked oscillations (LD P<0.001). These findings were not observed for the equivalent non-target case data, suggesting a role for the CHRM2 gene in higher cognitive processing in humans.
- Cholinergic muscarinic receptors
- Event-related oscillations
- Linkage disequilibrium