The heparin-binding growth factors include a family of seven structurally related proteins that can potentially interact with four known high affinity receptors. We have cloned the murine homologues of fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 and 3 (mFR1 and mFR3). To define the ligand specificity of these receptors, we have characterized their binding properties with respect to acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (aFGF and bFGF, respectively) and their biologic activity with respect to aFGF, bFGF, FGF-4/K-FGF, and FGF-5. Unlike mFR1, which binds both aFGF and bFGF, mFR3 preferentially binds aFGF. mFR3-mediated mitogenicity also favors aFGF and FGF-4 with a 10-12-fold lower response to bFGF and no response to FGF-5. Both receptor binding and growth factor-mediated mitogenicity are dependent on heparin. Heparin-binding growth factor activity can thus be regulated by proteoglycans and by the type of FGF receptor expressed on the target cell.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|