Less Toxic Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

John Carpenter, Andres Forero, Carla I. Falkson, Lisle M. Nabell, Jennifer F. De Los Santos, Helen Krontiras, Kirby I. Bland, Yufeng Li, Sejong Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objectives Preoperative chemotherapy produces tumor shrinkage in most patients with locally advanced breast cancer, including some pathological complete responses (PCRs). We attempted this using a much less toxic sequential regimen, given with concurrent bevacizumab. Methods Patients with locally advanced breast cancer received 3 intravenous doses each of preoperative sequential liposome encapsulated doxorubicin 25 mg/m2, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2, with concurrent bevacizumab every 2 weeks without growth factor support. Results Between March 2008 and December 2009, 32 patients received treatment. There was no cardiotoxicity, and other toxicity was mild (no grade 4 or 5 toxicity). No long-term toxicity, including cardiotoxicity, has been observed. Every patient had ≥30% reduction in tumor size; 9 of 31 patients who completed chemotherapy had PCR at operation. Seven years later, 22 of 32 patients remain free of recurrence and 27 of 32 are alive. Conclusions The preoperative chemotherapy used appears to be comparably effective, but much less toxic than that used in most conventional regimens and should be studied further. Concurrent treatment with bevacizumab (reported separately) did not provide any additional benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-563
Number of pages5
JournalSouthern medical journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • cardiotoxicity
  • liposome encapsulated doxorubicin
  • locally advanced breast cancer
  • preoperative chemotherapy
  • toxicity


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