Leptin and the kidney

Richa Pandey, Anubha Mutneja, Daniel W. Coyne, Sam Dagogo-Jack

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The kidneys play a vital role in the metabolism and clearance of leptin. As renal failure ensues, leptin clearance is reduced causing elevated leptin levels. Chronic inflammation is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may also contribute to the development of hyperleptinemia. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or glucose intolerance present in up to half of patients with CKD; insulin and growth hormone may contribute to stimulation of leptin production in patients with CKD. The method of dialysis for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) also plays a role in the likelihood and severity of hyperleptinemia, while renal transplantation has been shown to rapidly normalize leptin levels. This chapter examines prevalence and severity of hyperleptinemia in CKD and ESRD, the factors which increase or decrease leptin levels, and metabolic and clinical significance of leptin changes in CKD, ESRD, and renal transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLeptin
Subtitle of host publicationRegulation and Clinical Applications
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages117-129
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783319099156
ISBN (Print)9783319099149
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hemodialysis
  • Hyperleptinemia
  • Leptin clearance
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Renal failure
  • Transplantation

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    Pandey, R., Mutneja, A., Coyne, D. W., & Dagogo-Jack, S. (2015). Leptin and the kidney. In Leptin: Regulation and Clinical Applications (pp. 117-129). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09915-6_10