Accommodative amplitude (AA; the difference, measured in diopters, between the near and far points of vision) declines steadily with age such that, by midlife, most individuals are unable to focus clearly on near objects and, thus, are said to be presbyopic. Conversely, intrinsic lens fluorescence (LF) increases steadily with age. Previous studies have suggested that AA and LF are negatively correlated, independent of age. Were this to be the case, it might suggest that the biochemical modifications underlying increased tissue fluorescence (for example, glycation of lens proteins) contribute to presbyopia. We used quantitative techniques to re-evaluate the relationship between AA and LF in 161 healthy volunteers aged between 25 and 70. Our data confirmed that AA decreases with age, becoming essentially zero by age 55, and LF increases with age. However, in marked contrast to previous reports, statistical analysis failed to detect any correlation between LF and AA independent of age. Thus, the biochemical processes responsible for increased LF observed in the aged lens are unlikely to contribute directly to presbyopia.
- accommodative amplitude
- lens fluorescence