LEGO-compatible modular mapping phantom for magnetic resonance imaging

Hyo Min Cho, Cheolpyo Hong, Changwoo Lee, Huanjun Ding, Taeho Kim, Bongyoung Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Physical phantoms have been widely used for performance evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although there are many kinds of physical phantoms, most MRI phantoms use fixed configurations with specific sizes that may fit one or a few different types of radio frequency (RF) coils. Therefore, it has limitations for various image quality assessments of scanning areas. In this article, we report a novel design for a truly customizable MRI phantom called the LEGO-compatible Modular Mapping (MOMA) phantom, which not only serves as a general quality assurance phantom for a wide range of RF coils, but also a flexible calibration phantom for quantitative imaging. The MOMA phantom has a modular architecture which includes individual assessment functionality of the modules and LEGO-type assembly compatibility. We demonstrated the feasibility of the MOMA phantom for quantitative evaluation of image quality using customized module assembly compatible with head, breast, spine, knee, and body coil features. This unique approach allows comprehensive image quality evaluation with wide versatility. In addition, we provide detailed MOMA phantom development and imaging characteristics of the modules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14755
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020


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