Left ventricular concentric geometry is associated with impaired relaxation in hypertension: The HyperGEN study

Giovanni De Simone, Dalane W. Kitzman, Marcello Chinali, Albert Oberman, Paul N. Hopkins, Dabeeru C. Rao, Donna K. Arnett, Richard B. Devereux

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85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: We tested the hypothesis that abnormal left ventricular (LV) relaxation is associated with concentric LV geometry. Methods and results: Doppler LV filling properties were studied in 1384 hypertensive participants without cardiovascular disease, from the HyperGEN population (731 women, 784 obese, 236 diabetic) and compared in four LV geometry groups; normal, concentric remodelling (3.5%), eccentric (23%), and concentric LV hypertrophy (4%), based on echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m2.7). Abnormal LV relaxation was identified by European Society of Cardiology criteria in 275 subjects (20%). After accounting for significant confounders, E/A ratio and isovolumic relaxation time were not related to the presence of LV hypertrophy, but indicated abnormal relaxation when LV geometry was concentric (both P < 0.0001). Deceleration time of E velocity was prolonged with LV hypertrophy (P < 0.03), but the behaviour in relation to concentric LV geometry differed in the presence (prolonged) or absence (reduced) of LV hypertrophy (P = 0.05), a difference independently related to the magnitude of both transmitral gradients and stroke volume (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that, compared with normal LV geometry, the odds of abnormal LV relaxation was 2.3-fold greater when LV geometry was concentric and that LV hypertrophy conferred a borderline higher risk than normal LV mass. Conclusions: In hypertensive individuals without prevalent cardiovascular disease from a multi-ethnic population-based sample, delayed LV relaxation is independently associated with concentric LV geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1045
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Arterial hypertension
  • Cardiac function
  • Diastolic function
  • Gardiovascular risk
  • Hypertrophy

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