Left Atrium Measurements via Computed Tomography Pulmonary Angiogram as a Predictor of Diastolic Dysfunction

Adam N. Lick, Raman Danrad, David L. Smith, Matthew R. Lammi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Left atrium (LA) enlargement on echocardiography may be an indicator of diastolic dysfunction (DD). It is not well known if computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) can detect DD. Methods A total of 127 patients who underwent both CTPA and echo within 48 hours were analyzed retrospectively. Left atrium diameters from CTPA were correlated with echo and evaluated against degrees of DD. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography pulmonary artery (PA)/aorta ratio was analyzed as a tool to detect pulmonary hypertension. Results There were 42% of patients who had DD. There was a strong correlation between LA size on CTPA and echo (r = 0.78). An LA greater than 4.0 cm gave a sensitivity of 68.1% and specificity of 73.9% for DD detection. A PA/aorta cutoff greater than 0.84 yielded a sensitivity of 84% and specificity of 33% for pulmonary hypertension. Conclusions Computed tomography pulmonary angiography measurements of LA and PA/aorta ratio correlate strongly with equivalent findings on echo. We suggest that LA and PA/aorta measurements be included on chest CTPA reports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-797
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • computed tomography (CT)
  • diastolic dysfunction
  • echocardiography
  • left atrium
  • pulmonary hypertension

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