Learning-based motion artifact removal networks for quantitative R2∗ mapping

Xiaojian Xu, Satya V.V.N. Kothapalli, Jiaming Liu, Sayan Kahali, Weijie Gan, Dmitriy A. Yablonskiy, Ulugbek S. Kamilov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: To introduce two novel learning-based motion artifact removal networks (LEARN) for the estimation of quantitative motion- and (Formula presented.) -inhomogeneity-corrected (Formula presented.) maps from motion-corrupted multi-Gradient-Recalled Echo (mGRE) MRI data. Methods: We train two convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to correct motion artifacts for high-quality estimation of quantitative (Formula presented.) -inhomogeneity-corrected (Formula presented.) maps from mGRE sequences. The first CNN, LEARN-IMG, performs motion correction on complex mGRE images, to enable the subsequent computation of high-quality motion-free quantitative (Formula presented.) (and any other mGRE-enabled) maps using the standard voxel-wise analysis or machine learning-based analysis. The second CNN, LEARN-BIO, is trained to directly generate motion- and (Formula presented.) -inhomogeneity-corrected quantitative (Formula presented.) maps from motion-corrupted magnitude-only mGRE images by taking advantage of the biophysical model describing the mGRE signal decay. Results: We show that both CNNs trained on synthetic MR images are capable of suppressing motion artifacts while preserving details in the predicted quantitative (Formula presented.) maps. Significant reduction of motion artifacts on experimental in vivo motion-corrupted data has also been achieved by using our trained models. Conclusion: Both LEARN-IMG and LEARN-BIO can enable the computation of high-quality motion- and (Formula presented.) -inhomogeneity-corrected (Formula presented.) maps. LEARN-IMG performs motion correction on mGRE images and relies on the subsequent analysis for the estimation of (Formula presented.) maps, while LEARN-BIO directly performs motion- and (Formula presented.) -inhomogeneity-corrected (Formula presented.) estimation. Both LEARN-IMG and LEARN-BIO jointly process all the available gradient echoes, which enables them to exploit spatial patterns available in the data. The high computational speed of LEARN-BIO is an advantage that can lead to a broader clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-119
Number of pages14
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • MRI
  • R2∗ mapping
  • convolutional neural networks
  • deep learning
  • gradient recalled echo
  • motion correction
  • self-supervised deep learning


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