Leadership Trends in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Fellowship Directors: A Cross-sectional Study

Aman Chopra, Melissa A. Wright, Christopher S. Klifto, Oke Anakwenze, Anand M. Murthi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: We aimed to describe the demographic and professional backgrounds of current shoulder and elbow fellowship directors. Methods: The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) 2021 to 2022 Fellowship Directory was reviewed to identify the 31 ASES-recognized US fellowship programs. Demographic and other data were obtained through an electronic survey and publicly available online resources from February 28, 2021, to March 5, 2021. Results: Of the 31 fellowship directors, 97% (30) identified as male and 74% (23) as White, the mean age was 53 ± 7 years, and the mean Scopus h-index was 24.2 ± 13. Almost all (95%) held ASES committee leadership appointments in at least one committee. The mean time from completion of most recent fellowship to fellowship director appointment was 7.3 ± 6 years. About two-thirds of fellowship directors trained at one of five fellowship programs: Columbia University (n = 7), California Pacific Orthopaedics (n = 4), Washington University in St. Louis (n = 3), Mayo Clinic (n = 3), and Hospital for Special Surgery (n = 2). Discussion: ASES fellowship directors share similar demographic and professional characteristics with high levels of research productivity and involvement in orthopaedic societies. There is a lack of diversity in shoulder and elbow fellowship directors, highlighting a need for priority consideration of this disparity by leaders in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD-21-00266
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022


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