Laser ablation of abnormal neurological tissue using robotic neuroblate system (laantern): Procedural safety and hospitalization

Robert C. Rennert, Usman Khan, Jiri Bartek, Stephen B. Tatter, Melvin Field, Brian Toyota, Peter E. Fecci, Kevin Judy, Alireza M. Mohammadi, Patrick Landazuri, Andrew E. Sloan, Albert H. Kim, Eric C. Leuthardt, Clark C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) has demonstrated potential utility for a spectrum of difficult to treat neurosurgical pathologies in multiple small and/or retrospective single-institutional series. Here, we present the safety profile of SLA of intracranial lesions from the Laser Ablation of Abnormal Neurological Tissue using Robotic NeuroBlate System (LAANTERN; Monteris Medical) multi-institutional, international prospective observational registry. OBJECTIVE: To determine the procedural safety of SLA for intracranial lesions. METHODS: Prospective procedural safety and hospitalization data from the first 100 treated LAANTERN patients was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age and baseline Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) were 51(± 17) yr and 83(± 15), respectively. In total, 81.2% of patients had undergone prior surgical or radiation treatment. Most patients had a single lesion (79%) ablated through 1 burr hole (1.2 ± 0.7 per patient), immediately following a lesion biopsy. In total, >90% of the lesion was ablated in 72% of treated lesions. Average total procedural time was 188.2 ± 69.6 min, and average blood loss was 17.7 ± 55.6 ccs. The average length of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stays before discharge were 38.1 ± 62.7 h and 61.1 ± 87.2 h, respectively. There were 5 adverse events (AEs) attributable to SLA (5/100; 5%). After the procedure, 84.8% of patients were discharged home. There was 1 mortality within 30 d of the procedure (1/100; 1%), which was not attributable to SLA. CONCLUSION: SLA is a safe, minimally invasive procedure with favorable postprocedural ICU and hospital utilization profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-547
Number of pages10
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Neuro-oncology
  • Safety
  • Stereotactic laser ablation

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