Glioblastoma (GBM), the most malignant of primary brain tumors, is a devastating and deadly disease, with a median survival of 14 months from diagnosis, despite standard regimens of radical brain tumor surgery, maximal safe radiation, and concomitant chemotherapy. GBM tumors nearly always re-emerge after initial treatment and frequently display resistance to current treatments. One theory that may explain GBM re-emergence is the existence of glioma stemlike cells (GSCs). We sought to identify variant protein features expressed in low passage GSCs derived from patient tumors. To this end, we developed a proteomic database that reflected variant and nonvariant sequences in the human proteome, and applied a novel retrograde proteomic workflow, to identify and validate the expression of 126 protein variants in 33 glioma stem cell strains. These newly identified proteins may harbor a subset of novel protein targets for future development of GBM therapy.
- parallel reaction monitoring
- precision medicine
- protein quantification
- protein single amino acid variants
- targeted mass spectrometry