Large Scale Gene Expression Profiles of Regenerating Inner Ear Sensory Epithelia

R. David Hawkins, Stavros Bashiardes, Kara E. Powder, Samin A. Sajan, Veena Bhonagiri, David M. Alvarado, Judith Speck, Mark E. Warchol, Michael Lovett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Loss of inner ear sensory hair cells (HC) is a leading cause of human hearing loss and balance disorders. Unlike mammals, many lower vertebrates can regenerate these cells. We used cross-species microarrays to examine this process in the avian inner ear. Specifically, changes in expression of over 1700 transcription factor (TF) genes were investigated in hair cells of auditory and vestibular organs following treatment with two different damaging agents and regeneration in vitro. Multiple components of seven distinct known signaling pathways were clearly identifiable: TGFβ, PAX, NOTCH, WNT, NFKappaB, INSULIN/IGF1 and AP1. Numerous components of apoptotic and cell cycle control pathways were differentially expressed, including p27 KIP and TFs that regulate its expression. A comparison of expression trends across tissues and treatments revealed identical patterns of expression that occurred at identical times during regenerative proliferation. Network analysis of the patterns of gene expression in this large dataset also revealed the additional presence of many components (and possible network interactions) of estrogen receptor signaling, circadian rhythm genes and parts of the polycomb complex (among others). Equal numbers of differentially expressed genes were identified that have not yet been placed into any known pathway. Specific time points and tissues also exhibited interesting differences: For example, 45 zinc finger genes were specifically up-regulated at later stages of cochlear regeneration. These results are the first of their kind and should provide the starting point for more detailed investigations of the role of these many pathways in HC recovery, and for a description of their possible interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere525
JournalPloS one
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2007


Dive into the research topics of 'Large Scale Gene Expression Profiles of Regenerating Inner Ear Sensory Epithelia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this