Lack of specificity in electrophysiological identification of lower sacral roots during selective dorsal rhizotomy

Jeffrey G. Ojemann, T. S. Park, Robert Komanetsky, Richard A.A. Day, Bruce A. Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated the efficacy of anal sphincter electromyography (EMG) in identifying the lower sacral roots during selective dorsal rhizotomy. In nine children undergoing selective dorsal rhizotomy for cerebral palsy (CP) spasticity, direct electrical stimulation of the L1-S5 dorsal and ventral roots was performed while monitoring EMG responses from the anal sphincter and lower-extremity muscles. Anal sphincter activation was seen with stimulation of lumbosacral roots at many levels. Stimulation of dorsal and ventral roots from L-4 and caudally. Only at the L-1 level did a minority of nerve roots have anal sphincter response to stimulation without activation of other muscle groups, were found in only five (22%) of 23 roots stimulated. The pattern of stimulation the anal sphincter and does not spare the lower sacral roots. Thus, this study indicates that electrophysiological, mapping alone, without anatomical identification, cannot be used to identify the lower sacral roots during selective dorsal rhizotomy for CP spasticity, and it proposes a model for investigation of associated bowel and bladder symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • anal sphincter
  • cerebral palsy
  • electromygraphy
  • sacral root
  • selective dorsal rhizotomy

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