The present paper attempts to analyse some of the shortcomings that have impeded efforts in the field of disability policy in Afghanistan. After an overview of recent disability initiatives, this paper attempts to explain why they have had a limited impact. The context of a Conflict-Affected Fragile State makes the development of state capacity to deliver basic services for the population particularly difficult. To help overcome these shortcomings, it is argued that Amartya Sens Capability Approach constitutes a relevant framework for designing disability policy and implementation. Although the definition of human development has evolved considerably over the past decade, the transition from theory to action has been disappointing. Through the example of the National Disability Survey in Afghanistan we argue that one reason for this is the paucity of knowledge and the insufficient focus placed on enhancing the agency of vulnerable groups.
- Capability approach
- Policy development