Klf4 Expression in Conventional Dendritic Cells Is Required for T Helper 2 Cell Responses

Roxane Tussiwand, Bart Everts, Gary E. Grajales-Reyes, Nicole M. Kretzer, Arifumi Iwata, Juhi Bagaitkar, Xiaodi Wu, Rachel Wong, David A. Anderson, Theresa L. Murphy, Edward J. Pearce, Kenneth M. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

252 Scopus citations


The two major lineages of classical dendritic cells (cDCs) express and require either IRF8 or IRF4 transcription factors for their development and function. IRF8-dependent cDCs promote anti-viral and T-helper 1 (Th1) cell responses, whereas IRF4-expressing cDCs have been implicated in controlling both Th2 and Th17 cell responses. Here, we have provided evidence that Kruppel-like factor 4 (. Klf4) is required in IRF4-expressing cDCs to promote Th2, but notTh17, cell responses invivo. Conditional Klf4 deletionwithin cDCs impaired Th2 cell responses during Schistosoma mansoni infection, Schistosoma egg antigen (SEA) immunization, and house dust mite (HDM) challenge without affecting cytotoxic Tlymphocyte (CTL), Th1 cell, or Th17 cell responses to herpes simplex virus, Toxoplasma gondii, and Citrobacter rodentium infections. Further, Klf4 deletion reduced IRF4 expression in pre-cDCs and resulted in selective loss of IRF4-expressing cDCs subsets in several tissues. These results indicate that Klf4 guides a transcriptional program promoting IRF4-expressing cDCs heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-928
Number of pages13
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 19 2015


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