83 Scopus citations


The effect of yeast cofilin on the kinetics of polymerization of yeast actin has been examined at 20 °C at both pH 8.0 and 6.6. In the absence of cofilin, the kinetic data may be described by a simple nucleation-elongation mechanism. Kinetic data in the presence of cofilin suggests a complex dependence on the cofilin concentration. At low cofilin-to-actin ratios, cofilin increases the rate of polymerization in a way best fit by assuming filament fragmentation. The apparent fragmentation rate constants increase with increasing cofilin concentration leveling off above a cofilin-to-actin ratio of 1:8 and are independent of pH. At higher cofilin-to-actin ratios, a nonpolymerizable cofilin-G-actin complex forms resulting in a decreased rate of polymerization. The data from fluorescence photobleaching recovery experiments at low cofilin-to-actin ratios are consistent with the presence of severed filaments at both pH 8 and 6.6. However, at pH 8 and a cofilin- to-actin ratio of 1:16, about 40-50% of the total actin is present as G- actin after polymerization while at pH 6.6 little or no G-actin is present at the same cofilin-to-actin ratio. The results suggest some cooperativity with respect to cofilin binding to filamentous actin which may be pH dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13276-13284
Number of pages9
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 22 1998


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