Kathryn V. Holmes: A Career of Contributions to the Coronavirus Field

Aurelio Bonavia, Samuel R. Dominguez, Gabriela Dveksler, Sara Gagneten, Megan Howard, Scott Jeffers, Zhaohui Qian, Mary Kathryn Smith, Larissa B. Thackray, Dina B. Tresnan, David E. Wentworth, David R. Wessner, Richard K. Williams, Tanya A. Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Over the past two years, scientific research has moved at an unprecedented rate in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The rapid development of effective vaccines and therapeutics would not have been possible without extensive background knowledge on coronaviruses developed over decades by researchers, including Kathryn (Kay) Holmes. Kay’s research team discovered the first coronavirus receptors for mouse hepatitis virus and human coronavirus 229E and contributed a wealth of information on coronaviral spike glycoproteins and receptor interactions that are critical determinants of host and tissue specificity. She collaborated with several research laboratories to contribute knowledge in additional areas, including coronaviral pathogenesis, epidemiology, and evolution. Throughout her career, Kay was an extremely dedicated and thoughtful mentor to numerous graduate students and post-doctoral fellows. This article provides a review of her contributions to the coronavirus field and her exemplary mentoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1573
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • coronavirus
  • coronavirus receptors
  • coronavirus spike glycoprotein


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