Blood temperature at the jugular bulb was monitored in 10 patients undergoing neurovascular procedures that used induced mild hypothermia, and its correlation with surface brain, core, and peripheral temperatures was determined. The study was motivated by the difficulty encountered in directly measuring global brain temperature and the poor correlations between various core and peripheral sites temperatures and brain temperature, particularly during deep hypothermia. Although not statistically significant, previous studies have suggested a trend toward higher brain temperatures. Temperatures from the jugular bulb (collected using a No. 5 French Swan-Ganz catheter) as well as from subdural, pulmonary artery, esophagus, tympanic membrane, and bladder sites were analyzed during three surgical conditions: prior to incision, with the dura open, and after closure of the dura. No complications related to placement of the jugular bulb catheter, induced hypothermia, or temperature monitoring were seen. The authors found that jugular bulb temperature was similar to pulmonary artery and esophageal temperatures; although prior to incision it tended to be higher than that found at the pulmonary artery, most commonly by 0.2°C. Surface brain temperature was cooler than all other temperatures (p < 0.05), except that of the tympanic membrane, and wits particularly sensitive to environmental variations. Finally, as hits been shown by others, bladder temperature lagged substantially behind core temperatures particularly during rapid cooling and rewarming of the patient. In summary, monitoring of jugular bulb temperature is a feasible technique, and temperatures measured in the jugular bulb are similar to core temperatures.
- brain temperature
- jugular bulb