Joint EANM, SNMMI, and IAEA Enabling Guide: How to Set up a Theranostics Center

Ken Herrmann, Luca Giovanella, Andrea Santos, Jonathan Gear, Pinar Ozgen Kiratli, Jens Kurth, Ana M. Denis-Bacelar, Roland Hustinx, Marianne Patt, Richard L. Wahl, Diana Paez, Francesco Giammarile, Hossein Jadvar, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Munir Ghesani, Jolanta Kunikowska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The theranostics concept using the same target for both imaging and therapy dates back to the middle of the last century, when radioactive iodine was first used to treat thyroid diseases. Since then, radioiodine has become broadly established clinically for diagnostic imaging and therapy of benign and malignant thyroid disease, worldwide. However, only since the approval of SSTR2-targeting theranostics following the NETTER-1 trial in neuroendocrine tumors, and the positive outcome of the VISION trial has theranostics gained substantial attention beyond nuclear medicine. The roll-out of radioligand therapy for treating a high-incidence tumor such as prostate cancer requires the expansion of existing and the establishment of new theranostics centers. Despite wide global variation in the regulatory, financial and medical landscapes, this guide attempts to provide valuable information to enable interested stakeholders to safely initiate and operate theranostic centers. This enabling guide does not intend to answer all possible questions, but rather to serve as an overarching framework for multiple, more detailed future initiatives. It recognizes that there are regional differences in the specifics of regulation of radiation safety, but common elements of best practice valid globally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1836-1843
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • PRRT
  • PSMA
  • nuclear medicine
  • radionuclide theranostics
  • theranostics


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